One of the most common types of fishing is fishing for bass. Bass can be found in pretty much any type of water, from salt water to lakes, ponds, streams, etc. The first thing you need to know when you set out bass fishing is how to find the fish. If you know what the fish like and where they are, you will be that much closer to learning how to catch bass.
There are a lot of different components that go into determining the best places to find bass. Weather, light, food and water levels are just a few. In any type of water or condition, bass will always be found where they can get what is essential to their survival; food, oxygen and cover.
When learning how to catch bass, you need to understand that cover is part of a fish's survival. This is a means of protection and also a way to ambush their dinner. Come pretty common areas to find bass are in or around wooden structures such as fences, docks, pilings or submerged trees. They will also be found under rocks or weeds, although not as often. Bass may also find decaying pieces of food to feast on. They like to hang around wood because of the oxygen source.
One rule of thumb for fishing is the cooler the water, the higher the oxygen content. That means that if it's hot outside, bass will drop down to cooler water to get more oxygen. They will also congregate in areas where there is a lot of vegetation such as around trees, stumps and bushhes. If you are on a lake or other body of water feeding a power plant, you will also find them around the water plant structures where the water will be stirred up and oxygenated.
When trying to figure out how to catch bass, the food or bit to use is probably the trickiest part. Bass will typically eat anything if they are hungry, but can be pretty selective at times. Figuring out what the bass prefers most at any particular time can be a challenge. Bass will eat anything: insects, leaches, other fish, bait fish, worms, even rats or mice.
Bass are slow and really do not go a great distance in their movements. You could be just feet away from a bass and he will not go after your bait just because he's lazy! If you are going to learn how to catch bass you will need to find where they like to sit and have a lot of patience.